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hair sprays and gels

Hair spray is a common aqueous solution that is employed to keep hair stiff or in a certain style. It is administered using a pump or aerosol spray nozzle. Hair sprays as styling products are weaker than hair gel, hair wax or glue.

Hair spray's active component is a polymer, that is, a kind of liquid elastic that maintains the hair stiff and firm without breaking it, or polyvinyl pyrrolidone.

Hair gel as styling products are employed to stiffen hair into a particular hairstyle. Although they produce similar results, hair gels are stronger than hair sprays and weaker than hair glue on hair wax.

Many people use hair sprays or gels as styling products and in order to produce temporary changes in hair volume and hair shaft characteristic of a particular style.

Stylists most frequently make use of a great number of styling products in order to produce optimum effect and usually recommend their continued use. The popularity of mousses, gels, and sprays has had ups and downs, but these products remain reliable, effective and safe, especially for those people who have no time to spend on setting and styling with rollers.

As fixatives, settings, mousses, gels, and styling sprays are basically preparations based on oils and used during or after shampooing, and usually before hair drying to hold the hair and increase gloss. They also improve volume, one of the major worries of those who have fine on low-density hair.

Traditionally, gels as styling products were based on oils, fats, or grums. They were replaced by emulsions of water and mineral oil. Recently introduced, synthetic polymers and dimethicones have enhanced quality, reliability and aesthetics substantially.

A wide range of hair sprays and gels as styling products are nowadays available providing the consumers countless, but sometimes confusing options. Although mousses help styling, they are soft to the touch and easily removed. Conditioning mousses include cationic water soluble polymers. They are used on wet or dry hair to facilitate styling with either hair dryer or rollers, or even tongs. Moreover, many mousses provide short time colors.

Originally devised as aqueous solutions, gels as styling products left an awful gum on the hair. Currently preferred by younger age groups, styling gels and waxes are widely used, and for firmer styles, mousses are the right option.

At the beginning, hair fixatives made use of aqueous or hydro-alcoholic dispersions of vegetable based polymers. Combs were dipped in these solutions and administered onto the wet hair. Afterwards, protecting and hardening shellac solutions were available in atomizers or squeeze bottles. Finally, aerosols, which delivered soap-removable resins, were introduced, revolutionizing the hairstyle market.

It was sought that hair sprays as styling products could withstand gravitational force, be resilient, clear, easy to manage and plasticize, and have low absorption of water. However, shellac was not easy to remove, was likely to break off in flakes, and could be extremely inflammable.

At lost, all these components were superseded by long-chain synthetic polymers, which increased the number of hair shafts bonds when delivered as droplets. Hair sprays as styling products made a huge progress in that they could be dissolved in organic solvents, provided good hold, could be removed with ease, and were safe. They are still widely used as fixing products.

A second generation of polymers devised with enhanced features is known as copolymers. These contained film-modifying agents that softened or plasticized the resin film, and so reducing brittleness and flaking.

A later introduction provided a strong, three-dimensional resin matrix that had a good holding power and was easy to remove. A further innovation was the application of silicones, providing shine, lubricating, and improving resins resistance to dampness.

In the 1990s, the introduction of polymer hair gels and sprays as styling products included organic acrylate cross polymers with joint side chains which tend to create spot bonds, maintaining a more pliable hold and reducing cleaning and brushing effects and damage.